Erenlai - 按日期過濾項目: 週一, 26 二月 2007
週二, 27 二月 2007 02:08

Four Farmers

There are many ways to take or to avoid taking risks...

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週二, 27 二月 2007 01:28

Diversity

Entering the path of sustainable development is the primary imperative that Taiwan, Asia and the world presently face.

We must protect the rights of future generations to still have access to clean water, pure air, energy supply, biodiversity, climatic conditions that preserve coastlines and diminish the risks of extreme storms and droughts.

Sustainable development is also about the way we share our resources in order to meet the basic needs of all of us, while fostering values such as frugality and solidarity, as opposed to consumerism and individualism.

We need to mobilize cultural resources that help nations, international organizations, companies and civil societies to tackle evolving challenges with a more acute sense of the issues at stake, thus generating increased inventiveness, boldness and sense of cooperation.

Cultures help us to keep alive the memory of history and nurture creativity so as to better inhabit the world..

Cultural diversity is a necessary component of sustainable development.

A diversified natural environment is more prone to resist the effect of viruses thanks to its superior adaptability. Likewise, a diversified cultural environment can better adapt to new economic and social imperatives.

Today, cultural dialogue provides societies with accrued cultural resources. Never in the past has humankind been equipped with such scientific and cultural means for tackling the challenges that determine the course of its development.

Our cultural resources are the first thing we need to share, through a web of “knowledge networks” that will make our success stories known and replicated.

Taiwan can pave the way to a new model of global governance by mobilizing its rich cultural resources in order to become a beacon of sustainable development.

By fostering creative initiatives for sustainability Taiwan enters into a renewed dialogue with the world while changing for the better its current developmental model.

By helping itself, Taiwan helps the world. Reduced energy consumption, green businesses, preserved biodiversity, social equity and better corporate governance are exactly what all societies are striving for.

Together, let us make Taiwan a show case of cultural diversity and sustainable development…

Attached media :
{rokbox size=|544 384|thumb=|images/slideshow_en.jpg|}media/articles/kaoshiung 01.swf{/rokbox}
週二, 27 二月 2007 01:10

Crossroads

Crossroads are places where roads intersect. Without roads there would be no crossroads. Without people to build them and travel on them there would be no roads. Crossroads, therefore, are not just places where roads meet, they are places where the people traveling on the roads meet and interact, where they have an option to change roads if they wish, and where people going one way may pick up new companions or lose old ones.

There are many ways of looking at people and roads. The course of a person’s life can be considered a road. Some people like to travel that road alone, shunning companionship. Some people have no idea of where they are heading, where they came from or why they are alive. Their lives are just the pursuit of security and comfort for themselves with no consideration for the rights or needs of others. Most people, however, go through life in the company of others. They join their personal roads to the roads of others. Actually, there are usually many roads and many loyalties that people commit themselves to: family, tribe, clan, nation, then the company they work for, alumni associations, volunteer groups, clubs, movements, networks, etc. Each group a person joins is a road the person travels down simultaneously. Each road has its own set of objectives, restrictions and obligations. Sometimes juggling all the demands of all one’s associations results in confrontations, conflicts, opting for some and abandoning others.

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週一, 26 二月 2007 22:32

人類群島

Entering the path of sustainable development is the primary imperative that Taiwan, Asia and the world presently face.

We must protect the rights of future generations to still have access to clean water, pure air, energy supply, biodiversity, climatic conditions that preserve coastlines and diminish the risks of extreme storms and droughts.

Sustainable development is also about the way we share our resources in order to meet the basic needs of all of us, while fostering values such as frugality and solidarity, as opposed to consumerism and individualism.

We need to mobilize cultural resources that help nations, international organizations, companies and civil societies to tackle evolving challenges with a more acute sense of the issues at stake, thus generating increased inventiveness, boldness and sense of cooperation.

Cultures help us to keep alive the memory of history and nurture creativity so as to better inhabit the world..

Cultural diversity is a necessary component of sustainable development.

A diversified natural environment is more prone to resist the effect of viruses thanks to its superior adaptability. Likewise, a diversified cultural environment can better adapt to new economic and social imperatives.

Today, cultural dialogue provides societies with accrued cultural resources. Never in the past has humankind been equipped with such scientific and cultural means for tackling the challenges that determine the course of its development.

Our cultural resources are the first thing we need to share, through a web of “knowledge networks” that will make our success stories known and replicated.

Taiwan can pave the way to a new model of global governance by mobilizing its rich cultural resources in order to become a beacon of sustainable development.

By fostering creative initiatives for sustainability Taiwan enters into a renewed dialogue with the world while changing for the better its current developmental model.

By helping itself, Taiwan helps the world. Reduced energy consumption, green businesses, preserved biodiversity, social equity and better corporate governance are exactly what all societies are striving for.

Together, let us make Taiwan a show case of cultural diversity and sustainable development…

Attached media :
{rokbox size=|544 384|thumb=|images/slideshow_en.jpg|}media/articles/kaoshiung 01.swf{/rokbox}
週一, 26 二月 2007 22:03

Sustainable Taiwan

Entering the path of sustainable development is the primary imperative that Taiwan, Asia and the world presently face.

We must protect the rights of future generations to still have access to clean water, pure air, energy supply, biodiversity, climatic conditions that preserve coastlines and diminish the risks of extreme storms and droughts.

Sustainable development is also about the way we share our resources in order to meet the basic needs of all of us, while fostering values such as frugality and solidarity, as opposed to consumerism and individualism.

We need to mobilize cultural resources that help nations, international organizations, companies and civil societies to tackle evolving challenges with a more acute sense of the issues at stake, thus generating increased inventiveness, boldness and sense of cooperation.

Cultures help us to keep alive the memory of history and nurture creativity so as to better inhabit the world..

Cultural diversity is a necessary component of sustainable development.

A diversified natural environment is more prone to resist the effect of viruses thanks to its superior adaptability. Likewise, a diversified cultural environment can better adapt to new economic and social imperatives.

Today, cultural dialogue provides societies with accrued cultural resources. Never in the past has humankind been equipped with such scientific and cultural means for tackling the challenges that determine the course of its development.

Our cultural resources are the first thing we need to share, through a web of “knowledge networks” that will make our success stories known and replicated.

Taiwan can pave the way to a new model of global governance by mobilizing its rich cultural resources in order to become a beacon of sustainable development.

By fostering creative initiatives for sustainability Taiwan enters into a renewed dialogue with the world while changing for the better its current developmental model.

By helping itself, Taiwan helps the world. Reduced energy consumption, green businesses, preserved biodiversity, social equity and better corporate governance are exactly what all societies are striving for.

Together, let us make Taiwan a show case of cultural diversity and sustainable development…

Attached media :
{rokbox size=|544 384|thumb=|images/slideshow_en.jpg|}media/articles/kaoshiung 01.swf{/rokbox}
週一, 26 二月 2007 21:50

Every man lives on an island (1)

People live on islands. The longer they are together in the same space, the more they seem to develop an island culture, characteristics that distinguish them from the inhabitants of other islands. Sometimes people of similar ideas and ideals form their own little islands in the midst of larger ones...

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週一, 26 二月 2007 19:45

新世代寓言:最强大的小老鼠

【翻译 林虹秀】

丛林的小老鼠中就属米奇最瘦小。米奇既没胆又没特殊才华,若说要选天生输家,米奇肯定第一名。但是,创造万物并掌管森林的上帝很幽默,祂精巧地安排了一连串的事件,使得可怜的小米奇被封为全丛林最勇猛的小老鼠。
米奇的近视度数很深。距离他很近的东西,米奇都看得一清二楚,但是,任何离他超过十尺的东西,在米奇眼里都是一片模糊。有一天,米奇跟一群朋友在丛林中找东西吃。突然间,米奇的同伴大喊:「有蛇!有蛇!」然后就各自逃开了。等到大夥想起米奇还站在原地时,才转头去找,结果看到米奇前方约十二尺处,大蛇口水直流,正等著大啖美食。但是,那只大蛇看来有点迟疑,并没有马上攻击米奇,因为他想:「事情好像不大对劲,那只小老鼠为什么没跟其他同伴一样害怕逃走?」
当然,大蛇的身影在米奇看来像是根模糊的树枝,而不是可怕的大蛇。米奇对同伴喊道:「回来啊!那只是掉到地上的大树枝而已!」因为不知道那是大蛇,米奇还大胆的朝那「树枝」走近几步。
当然,此时大蛇大可一口把米奇给吞了,但上帝却偏偏让这只大蛇患有重听。所以,刚刚米奇讲的话传到他耳中就变成了:「肥仔啊!你要是敢过这来,我就打死你!」先前这只大蛇虽不大相信眼前所见的,但现在却很相信亲耳所听见的话。于是,大蛇马上掉头就跑,心想:「这只老鼠一定有什么不为人知的本领…」
其他的老鼠看到这场面都目瞪口呆,也没听清楚米奇刚在说啥,都以为米奇是在恐吓大蛇。所以,当看到米奇走向大蛇,而大蛇就退却逃走的时候,大夥马上替米奇欢呼叫好。这般胆量从没有人见识过,也因此,从那时起米奇就成了大家心目中的英雄。只要有米奇在,谁也不怕大蛇出现。而为了安全起见,上帝也把大蛇跟老鼠们隔得远远的。
这是米奇创造的第一个奇迹,第二个奇迹更是让人惊奇。事情的经过是这样的。有一天,米奇在杂草间觅食,上帝巧妙地将米奇引入狮子窝中。米奇因忙著看地上,寻找食物,所以根本没注意到自己正站在老狮王的脚跟前。老狮王因为年纪老迈了,不得已退位,并把王位传给他的长子。老狮王脚走不稳,耳朵又不灵光,所以没听到米奇找东西的唏嗦声。当他要往前走一步时,却反倒跌了一跤,坐在米奇身上,而米奇就被埋在老狮王的肚子下面。其实,米奇根本不知道是什么东西塌下来,他以为自己跌入了森林的草堆里,所以身体开始扭动,挣扎地想脱身。
老狮王这时说话了。他说:「喔拉拉,这感觉舒服极了。」原来,米奇挣扎的时候刚好帮老狮王搔到肚子的痒处。老狮王看不见是谁在帮他搔痒,但它说:「不管你是谁,继续搔痒,别停。」等到米奇明白自己的所在位置时,他吓坏了。但他认为最好还是乖乖听老狮王的话,所以继续在老狮王的肚子附近扭动身体。就在那时,老狮王的儿子回来了,他大声说:「爸,你肚子那有一只老鼠。别动,让我宰了他。」老狮王说:「咦,真的吗?算了,别杀他,就让他在那吧。这只老鼠很特别,他帮我搔痒,让我好舒服。」
那天,该到家的时间早过了,但米奇还没到家,大夥都担心了起来。看到可怕的狮子往他们的小窝走来时,每人心中都作了最坏的打算。但当小个头的米奇从狮子背上跳下来时,大夥的恐惧马上化为惊喜。米奇对狮子说:「谢谢你送我回家。」狮子回答:「不客气。我明天早上再来接你。」从那时候开始,狮子每天都来接米奇,回到狮窝帮老狮王按摩。
「驱蛇老鼠米奇」变成了「驯狮老鼠米奇」,米奇从此声名远播。日子久了,连他自己也越来越有自信,相信他有特殊的本领。有一天,上帝在其他地方有事情要处理,没能照顾丛林,结果,有只大蛇就爬到老鼠附近。但这次,没有任何一只老鼠仓惶逃开,因为有米奇跟他们在一块。而米奇这次也看清楚了,他明白原来上次看到的树枝其实是只大蛇。充满信心的米奇勇敢地向蛇走过去,并以威胁的口气对蛇说:「走开!」每靠近大蛇一步,米奇就看得越清楚,现在他才知道这只大蛇的体积比上次那只更大、更凶猛。所以,当大蛇张开嘴巴,米奇开始怀疑自己是否真的有特殊本领。
「瞧瞧!这不就是吓跑我弟弟、大名鼎鼎的驱蛇老鼠米奇吗?这怎么可能呢,你不过就是只小老鼠罢了!别担心,我不会吃你的,我还欠你一份人情。我不知道你是怎么办到的,但是在我弟弟遇到你之前,他是个讨人厌的吹牛大王,很爱向人炫耀他的高超本领,还有无比的能力,没人受得了他。但是,自从他被一只小老鼠吓跑的事情传开来后,他闭关了好几天都没露脸,也不敢再吹牛炫耀了。所以,小家伙,我要谢谢你。现在,你可以走了。」说完,大蛇就笑著爬向草丛里,消失不见了。
米奇这时脸红了,因为它心想:「原来,我什么特殊本领也没有。我并不伟大,我只是幸运罢了。」但还好,其他老鼠没看到米奇涨红的脸。这时上帝刚好赶回丛林,祂对米奇说:「不,你错了。遇到的蛇很胆小,狮子很温驯,那才叫幸运。但是,遇到蛇跟狮子没昏倒,也没转身逃跑就不只是幸运了。你之所以伟大不在于你的力气,而在于你的心。所有的能力都来自于你的心。」

这故事有些启示。
单有勇气不会让人勇敢。
会让人奋力一搏的勇敢行为,绝非是事先计画好的动作。
因为,若早知事情会如此危险,人们肯定会事先避免。

老鼠无惧地反应,因为他不知道大蛇就在附近。
要早知道蛇在附近,老鼠或许会逃命。
反之,老鼠留在原地,气定神闲。

遇到的狮子恰巧个性温驯,但要面对还是需要勇气。
老鼠勇敢无惧没逃命,拯救了自己的生命。

智者尽可能避开危险;
勇者遇到无可避免的危险决不逃开。
身处其境算有幸;作对决定算有幸;存活保命也有幸。

附加的多媒体:
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週一, 26 二月 2007 19:43

新世代寓言:最強大的小老鼠

【翻譯 林虹秀】

叢林的小老鼠中就屬米奇最瘦小。米奇既沒膽又沒特殊才華,若說要選天生輸家,米奇肯定第一名。但是,創造萬物並掌管森林的上帝很幽默,祂精巧地安排了一連串的事件,使得可憐的小米奇被封為全叢林最勇猛的小老鼠。
米奇的近視度數很深。距離他很近的東西,米奇都看得一清二楚,但是,任何離他超過十呎的東西,在米奇眼裡都是一片模糊。有一天,米奇跟一群朋友在叢林中找東西吃。突然間,米奇的同伴大喊:「有蛇!有蛇!」然後就各自逃開了。等到大夥想起米奇還站在原地時,才轉頭去找,結果看到米奇前方約十二呎處,大蛇口水直流,正等著大啖美食。但是,那隻大蛇看來有點遲疑,並沒有馬上攻擊米奇,因為他想:「事情好像不大對勁,那隻小老鼠為什麼沒跟其他同伴一樣害怕逃走?」
當然,大蛇的身影在米奇看來像是根模糊的樹枝,而不是可怕的大蛇。米奇對同伴喊道:「回來啊!那只是掉到地上的大樹枝而已!」因為不知道那是大蛇,米奇還大膽的朝那「樹枝」走近幾步。
當然,此時大蛇大可一口把米奇給吞了,但上帝卻偏偏讓這隻大蛇患有重聽。所以,剛剛米奇講的話傳到他耳中就變成了:「肥仔啊!你要是敢過這來,我就打死你!」先前這隻大蛇雖不大相信眼前所見的,但現在卻很相信親耳所聽見的話。於是,大蛇馬上掉頭就跑,心想:「這隻老鼠一定有什麼不為人知的本領…」
其他的老鼠看到這場面都目瞪口呆,也沒聽清楚米奇剛在說啥,都以為米奇是在恐嚇大蛇。所以,當看到米奇走向大蛇,而大蛇就退卻逃走的時候,大夥馬上替米奇歡呼叫好。這般膽量從沒有人見識過,也因此,從那時起米奇就成了大家心目中的英雄。只要有米奇在,誰也不怕大蛇出現。而為了安全起見,上帝也把大蛇跟老鼠們隔得遠遠的。
這是米奇創造的第一個奇蹟,第二個奇蹟更是讓人驚奇。事情的經過是這樣的。有一天,米奇在雜草間覓食,上帝巧妙地將米奇引入獅子窩中。米奇因忙著看地上,尋找食物,所以根本沒注意到自己正站在老獅王的腳跟前。老獅王因為年紀老邁了,不得已退位,並把王位傳給他的長子。老獅王腳走不穩,耳朵又不靈光,所以沒聽到米奇找東西的唏嗦聲。當他要往前走一步時,卻反倒跌了一跤,坐在米奇身上,而米奇就被埋在老獅王的肚子下面。其實,米奇根本不知道是什麼東西塌下來,他以為自己跌入了森林的草堆裡,所以身體開始扭動,掙扎地想脫身。
老獅王這時說話了。他說:「喔拉拉,這感覺舒服極了。」原來,米奇掙扎的時候剛好幫老獅王搔到肚子的癢處。老獅王看不見是誰在幫他搔癢,但它說:「不管你是誰,繼續搔癢,別停。」等到米奇明白自己的所在位置時,他嚇壞了。但他認為最好還是乖乖聽老獅王的話,所以繼續在老獅王的肚子附近扭動身體。就在那時,老獅王的兒子回來了,他大聲說:「爸,你肚子那有一隻老鼠。別動,讓我宰了他。」老獅王說:「咦,真的嗎?算了,別殺他,就讓他在那吧。這隻老鼠很特別,他幫我搔癢,讓我好舒服。」
那天,該到家的時間早過了,但米奇還沒到家,大夥都擔心了起來。看到可怕的獅子往他們的小窩走來時,每人心中都作了最壞的打算。但當小個頭的米奇從獅子背上跳下來時,大夥的恐懼馬上化為驚喜。米奇對獅子說:「謝謝你送我回家。」獅子回答:「不客氣。我明天早上再來接你。」從那時候開始,獅子每天都來接米奇,回到獅窩幫老獅王按摩。
「驅蛇老鼠米奇」變成了「馴獅老鼠米奇」,米奇從此聲名遠播。日子久了,連他自己也越來越有自信,相信他有特殊的本領。有一天,上帝在其他地方有事情要處理,沒能照顧叢林,結果,有隻大蛇就爬到老鼠附近。但這次,沒有任何一隻老鼠倉惶逃開,因為有米奇跟他們在一塊。而米奇這次也看清楚了,他明白原來上次看到的樹枝其實是隻大蛇。充滿信心的米奇勇敢地向蛇走過去,並以威脅的口氣對蛇說:「走開!」每靠近大蛇一步,米奇就看得越清楚,現在他才知道這隻大蛇的體積比上次那隻更大、更兇猛。所以,當大蛇張開嘴巴,米奇開始懷疑自己是否真的有特殊本領。
「瞧瞧!這不就是嚇跑我弟弟、大名鼎鼎的驅蛇老鼠米奇嗎?這怎麼可能呢,你不過就是隻小老鼠罷了!別擔心,我不會吃你的,我還欠你一份人情。我不知道你是怎麼辦到的,但是在我弟弟遇到你之前,他是個討人厭的吹牛大王,很愛向人炫燿他的高超本領,還有無比的能力,沒人受得了他。但是,自從他被一隻小老鼠嚇跑的事情傳開來後,他閉關了好幾天都沒露臉,也不敢再吹牛炫燿了。所以,小傢伙,我要謝謝你。現在,你可以走了。」說完,大蛇就笑著爬向草叢裡,消失不見了。
米奇這時臉紅了,因為它心想:「原來,我什麼特殊本領也沒有。我並不偉大,我只是幸運罷了。」但還好,其他老鼠沒看到米奇漲紅的臉。這時上帝剛好趕回叢林,祂對米奇說:「不,你錯了。遇到的蛇很膽小,獅子很溫馴,那才叫幸運。但是,遇到蛇跟獅子沒昏倒,也沒轉身逃跑就不只是幸運了。你之所以偉大不在於你的力氣,而在於你的心。所有的能力都來自於你的心。」

這故事有些啟示。
單有勇氣不會讓人勇敢。
會讓人奮力一搏的勇敢行為,絕非是事先計畫好的動作。
因為,若早知事情會如此危險,人們肯定會事先避免。

老鼠無懼地反應,因為他不知道大蛇就在附近。
要早知道蛇在附近,老鼠或許會逃命。
反之,老鼠留在原地,氣定神閒。

遇到的獅子恰巧個性溫馴,但要面對還是需要勇氣。
老鼠勇敢無懼沒逃命,拯救了自己的生命。

智者盡可能避開危險;
勇者遇到無可避免的危險決不逃開。
身處其境算有幸;作對決定算有幸;存活保命也有幸。

附加的多媒體:
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週一, 26 二月 2007 19:41

有时候看看自己写的字,都会看到别人留下的痕迹。自己的字有如揉捏在手中的陶土,时时刻刻在改变自己的容貌。小时候像老师的黑板字,中学时像同学的娟秀字,长大了后不禁像起生命中走过的人写过的字:偶像的帅气字、心仪人的刚毅字,或是文人米芾的蟹爪字。
「像」是生活的选择,也是生命领域的追求。一般而言,下一代都希望能够依照自己的意愿,选择自己所爱的伴侣与职业。上一代人所过的生活,对下一代的人来说都是一种标竿。有的爸爸当老板,儿子就从事美术设计,没想到还是喜欢过著不受拘束的生活;有的妈妈全心持家,女儿就想外出工作,没想到还是一样喜欢独居。本来想脱离上一代的遗传,可是随著岁月的增长,怀念的成分似乎会追逐反抗的意念。
「像」有一部分是人无法掌控的。我们无法控制皮囊的外貌,也无法解释为什么有人比姊妹还相像。有一次,我望著车厢内坐在我前面的女子,她脸形与神情一直让我想起一个人:「怎么会长得这么像?」我一直想起的那个女孩,学生时代出车祸,现在只能坐在轮椅上。虽然工作之馀仍阅读、找朋友、计划全家人的旅游活动,但我想她不会羡慕我眼前这位女子的时尚打扮,只会羡慕她白裤下灵活的双腿。两个人就像一个模子翻出来的,可是有一个人却因一场意外,必须面临不同的命运。
「像」也是群体的表徵。有位台湾导演谈起童年,大意是说他常觉得家里很阴郁,不太喜欢回家,可是他也发现自己在外面的时候,身上正沾染著这份阴郁的色彩。家庭氛围影响家庭成员的性情,外在大环境通常也反映了人群的心理状态。参加什么社团,向往什么文化,往往就像起来了。设计越南纪念碑的华裔建筑师林樱有很多作品问世,她回忆自己的创作路时,很诚实地说有一阵子只想和白种人在一起,不想与黄种人太过接近。
不过,像了以后,往往讨厌就来了。虽然喜欢井然有序的日本,但阶级意识使人敬而远观;虽然喜欢欧洲的美感,但个人主义让人参不透;虽然喜欢文化大熔炉,但美国帝国主义叫人吃不消。林樱回顾自己的作品,发现了创作的源头。她发现自己的创作受道家思想的启迪,而这都是在家里耳濡目染的,并没有透过正规的教育过程,相信这样的省思会帮助她与人的来往。
对于你生活的土地环境,你像它的什么,不像它的什么?当你要的「像」的土质逐渐与你的自我融合,你正形塑著自己的新像。虽然前方仍有高峰等待你攀越,但你的来时路已在别人的生命中留下了左右的痕迹。

附加的多媒体:
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週一, 26 二月 2007 19:40

力霸案震醒投资梦?

日前台湾爆发力霸集团弊案,企业诚信再度成为舆论焦点。
本文呼吁投资人以「另一种选票」淘汰未能善尽社会责任的企业。

国内最近对社会影响重大的经济犯罪,应首推力霸案。案情所牵涉的公司治理、企业主诚信及金融监理等各方面的问题,已对台湾社会造成深远的影响。诚然,以人为本的思维对企业公民的角色有著极为关键的影响力。但能否成功,却不能完全倚赖「CEO的认知」或企业自觉,力霸案即为显例。因此,笔者希望从「社会责任型投资」(Socially Responsible Investing, SRI)的角度来讨论。
现代公司组织大都包括董事会及众多的股东,以台湾为例,民众对股票投资并不陌生,能针对上市公司的业务、营运及财务状况侃侃而谈的股民亦大有人在。但是,鲜少有投资人注意或清楚,那些上市公司的盈利是否是在善尽社会责任的状况下所取得?
所谓企业社会责任,涵盖了产品安全、劳动条件、童工、菸酒、军火、环境、动物实验…等议题,不胜枚举。因此,欧美国家的投资者、机构投资人或宗教团体在进行投资活动时,还会另外根据「非财务准则」来筛选投资标的。此外,也有些社会责任型投资者并不投资美国政府债券,尽管它可能会有不错的报酬率。至于本届诺贝尔和平奖得主穆罕默德·尤努斯(Muhammad Yunus)所创立的「穷人银行」则是另一个正面的范例。投资者手中所持有的资金,同时也是一种选票。身为股东,我们绝对有权对公司的作为表达赞成或反对的态度。对于企业的作为,股东非但不应画地自限,更应有责无旁贷的自觉。
「社会责任型投资」在欧美已行之有年,有各种该类型的共同基金,也有指数可供参考,甚至有许多为特定宗教(例如穆斯林)而设计的投资工具。在一些企业提供员工的退休金投资计划中也会包括此类型基金,以供员工选择。目前台湾尚未正式推出此类型的共同基金,但并不是缺乏有心人。只是大多数民众尚未建立此投资观念而已。
或许投资人会问:这样的投资法会赚钱吗?从实证的资料来看,社会责任型投资是一点儿都不逊色。事实上,一个负责任的企业公民在公司治理上一定比较进步,也只有优质的董事会及公司才能办得到。就长期投资而言,绩效都不会差。
另外,高明瑞教授在《人籁》专访中曾经提出一个问题:「一个人要赚多少钱才够?」这真是大哉问,笔者的浅见是:它直接指向经济学原理的根本:资源有限,人欲无穷。而在「发展才是硬道理」的原则下,要回答此一问题更显困难。但若不对此问题进行根本的反省,人类社会的改善也许会流于舍本逐末,甚而治丝益棼。但无论如何,企业公民、投资人、消费者都有责任,也都应该作出贡献!台湾的投资人,是否也有这样的觉醒?

附加的多媒体:
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