Erenlai - 按日期過濾項目: 週一, 25 五 2009
週二, 26 五 2009 07:55

身體是智慧的土壤

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長久以來,重智育輕體育的教育體制,剝奪了孩子運動的機會與樂趣。然而,缺乏身體智慧的土壤,教育的種籽如何生根、萌芽,進而茁壯?
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遊戲,讓孩子探索自己和世界
在孩子的成長過程中,「遊戲」是很重要的。因為透過遊戲,孩子以自己的身體去探索世界、探索自我、探索他人。孩子們也常喜歡一起發明遊戲,從建立方法、訂立規則、解決問題,到學習面對勝負結果,都在無形之中培養了孩子各種生活的能力。

但在華人社會,遊戲常被視為無用,因此有所謂「勤有益,嬉無功」的說法。當孩子進入學校,生活中有很長的時間都在學校度過。但學校的體育課時數有限,且在升學主義壓迫下,學生在假日也常因課業而犧牲運動。

增加身體語彙,培養身體智慧

以學校運動教育來說,當然競技、體能都是必要的,但最重要的應是讓孩子體驗、感知自己的身體,也有人將之形容為「聆聽自己身體的聲音」。

孩子若常有機會做不同的身體動作,他的「身體智慧」就會增長。它是一種沉默的智慧,一種身、心、靈的整合體驗。當一個人遭遇環境的改變或外在的刺激,身體智慧越高的人,適應力越強,越有能力面對挑戰。身體語彙的儲存,越小開始越好。這跟學語言相同,因為身體動作也是一種語言。

與西方國家的學生相比,台灣學生很會考試,但實際解決問題的能力卻比較弱。追求課業的成績,卻忽略身體的智慧,反而限制未來的發展,這不是真正的智慧。真正的智慧要靠實踐,實踐就是操作。不僅是體育,任何事情都是如此。



不要安逸,發揮創意

現代人喜歡使用各種昂貴的運動器材,只消透過簡單的動作就能滿足活動的需求。但是,有些運動器材對於增進身體智慧並無太大幫助。而學校裡用的跳高架、跳箱……幾乎都是全國統一的標準器材。我們的中小學校園,也幾乎都有四百公尺的標準操場,但真的有必要嗎?

例如在歐洲,常可看到體育館裡吊著幾根繩子。孩子們抓著盪來盪去、可以攀爬,也可以像泰山一樣在空中轉換位置,玩起來非常有趣。繩子是很便宜又容易取得的東西,但反而是最簡單的器材,更能讓小孩自己去創想、使用。

無論是體育課也好,日常生活也好,不要讓自己的身體和頭腦太安逸!太依賴標準化的器材,反而限制了我們的創意,讓我們的頭腦和身體都變懶惰了!所以雖然「創意教學」推廣了很多年,我卻很少看到有老師自己創發教具。

因此我認為,若談到運動教育的改革,除了主事者要有決心之外,情境與心態的改變是最要緊的。要改革,就要從這裡開始。

口述/許義雄 整理/李禮君 
攝影/柯蕾俐(Aurelie KERNALEGUEN)






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週二, 26 五 2009 00:37

Roxana Saberi's Release

Roxana Saberi is an Iranian-American journalist and a friend, who was recently released from Tehran’s Evin prison - much to the relief of family, friends, online petitioners and anyone who was aware of her situation in the world. Roxana was arrested in late January this year and was initially thought to have been arrested for purchasing a bottle of wine, a Foreign Ministry spokesman later said she was detained for working in the country with expired press credentials. After weeks of detention inside Tehran’s Evin Prison, she was convicted in the revolutionary court on April 14 of espionage for the United States. They couldn’t be any further from the truth.

For six years, Saberi has worked openly as a freelance journalist in Iran reporting for outlets such as NPR (National Public Radio), FSN ( Feature Story News), and the BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation). From 2001-2003 Saberi reported from Iran and was revoked of her press card in 2006, obstructing her from reporting from within the country as before. Roxana then decided to instead travel to other countries in the region, contributing stories that otherwise go uncovered.

I first made her acquaintance in 2007, at a film festival whereby her partner Kurdish Iranian film director Bahman Ghobadi was invited for the screening of his films in Paris. Roxana was anything but ordinary, from her heritage to her life as a freelance journalist for the last 8 years, I truly thought she possessed the very qualities that one can only hope to achieve very late on in this career. Our acquaintance came shortly after my enrolment in a journalism school and knowing her has somewhat reinforced the love I have for journalism, and encouraged me to pursue a less conventional route in the many things I do. Roxana Saberi was to me, an epitome of an accomplished female journalist and I am confident to see her past this ordeal as courageous and determined as I remembered her, as the political games continue and press freedom declines.

In 2009, 19 journalists have been killed and 142 remain imprisoned in the world.

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